Epidemiology of Anxiety Disorder in Toddlers
From different researchers, there is enough evidence that anxiety disorder is a mental disorder that often occurs in toddlers. It is one of the oldest of all kinds of psychopathology. The initiation of anxiety disorders has been evaluated by young and adult individuals. From the result of the different studies, it is evident that initiation of any anxiety disorder is seen in childhood. Despite the fact that some of the anxiety disorders could be headed in their initiation by other kinds of anxiety disorders, there are distinct differences between a particular anxiety disorder that depicts a sequence of significant risks timeframe for the introduction of anxiety disorders in infancy period. Taking into consideration validation of the variations in age of the initiation of anxiety offers a critical sign for differentiating the various types of anxiety. The first age of initiation is always noticed as distinguishing anxiety disorders and particular phobias. This is mostly observed in children below the age of 12. What comes after this is the initiation of social phobia coming at the late infancy across the adolescence period and few incidences observed after the age of 25 years. Such anxiety as panic disorder, agoraphobia and GAD have their initiation after the adolescent period and early adulthood period in spite that some could occur at the age of 12 or below such as panic assault. An investigation comparing males and females it is evident that males depict an early initiation of a particular phobia of normal ecological kind and thereafter initiation of GAD.
It is, therefore, clear from epidemiology that anxiety disorder initiation at an early age is a risk factor for building of depressive and other complications taking place thereafter in life. Therefore, there is a need to research other concepts that could develop if one aims at developing a significant taxonomy of psychological and anxiety disorder.
It is worth noting that there is no a specific protocol for the diagnosis, management and follow-up of anxiety disorder. Despite the fact, that there is an association between stability rates of anxiety disorders, there is an indication that it varies from low to moderate levels. Therefore, the anxiety disorder among toddlers there is some degree of variation in the diagnostic condition of a particular level of anxiety disorder scrutinized. Often, anxiety disorders have a powerful propensity to increase and disappear as time goes on especially for infants at a small age. It is amazing that despite an anxiety disorder being chronic e.g. GAD, potential permanence rate is just temperate.
A lot of variables are believed o be risk aspect for anxiety disorders. One of such factors includes socio-culture. The risk associated with this factors are linked to the severity to the severity, frequency or the timeframe of the risk factor. Cultural factors involve such issues as parenting style, childhood adversities, and life occurrences. Taking into consideration parenting style, social phobia in an infant is associated with too much protection or rejection. Additionally, overprotection leads to increased risk for anxiety disorder. However, rejection depicts an occurrence of pure depressive disorder among children. It is also evident that coldness and authoritarianism among parents lead to high risks of all kind of disorders. In regards to child adversities, epidemiological research link childhood experiences such as parent loss, divorce, physical or sexual harm to mental disorders such as anxiety disorders. On the other life events that are traumatic are also linked to anxiety and depressive disorders.