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Two Major Political Parties In Spain


Spain consists of a multi-party system both nationally and regionally, with two main parties nationally, namely, the PSOE and the PP. These two parties dominate the elections, making it difficult for any new, upcoming parties from achieving any measure of success. Regional parties do possess a lot of influence in certain communities, like Catalonia and Basque Country and they often influence government coalitions. Despite dominance from the major parties, there does exists many minor parties that also hold small numbers of seats in congress.

The Peoples Party

Originally formed in the year 1976 by Manuel Fraga, he made the mistake of underestimating the public opinion of Francoism, and so his support in the polls was limited, only earning third place in votes. After several changes and a long period of decline, they eventually gained majority votes in the year 2000. Presently holding the most seats in congress, this party is Christian Conservative and party is led and founded by Manuel Fraga Libarne in 1989, who was also a former minister of Interior and Tourism during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. Until November 2011, the PP held the position of largest opposition party in the Congress of the Deputies and the largest party represented in the senate. The PP won the Elections of November 2011 with a majority of 185 seats.

The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party

The second oldest party in Spain, this socialist democratic party ruled democratic Spain in the years between 1982 and 1996 and 2004 and 2011. Headed by Felipe Gonzales, they accomplished formation of a majority government after the elections of 1982, lasting until the year 1993, after which it formed a minority government until 1996. Historically, this group has had strong ties with the general Union of Workers(UGT), membership with the UGT was even considered mandatory before one could acquire membership with the PSOE. The UGT has, however, been known to criticize the financial directives of the PSOE and they even called for a general strike in December of 1988. The last term of this group was in the period of 2004 and 2011, under the leadership of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero. The PSOE is also a full member if the Party of European Socialists and Socialists International.

The Spanish government system consists of many minority political groups and two major parties. During elections, coalitions between the larger parties and smaller ones usually influence the results of the elections.